Giáo dục Ngoài luồng: Học thêm và Ý nghĩa của nó đối với các Nhà hoạch định Chính sách ở châu Á

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  Tại tất cả các khu vực của châu Á, các hộ gia đình đang dành một khoản chi tiêu đáng kể cho học thêm. Việc học thêm có thể góp phần vào những thành tích đạt được của học sinh nhưng đồng thời nó cũng duy trì và và làm cho bất bình đẳng […]

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Shadow Education: Private Supplementary Tutoring and Its Implications for Policy Makers in Asia

Return to the CERC Monograph Series. Mark Bray and Chad Lykins May 2012 ISBN 978-92-9092-658-0 (Print) ISBN 978-92-9092-659-7 (PDF) US$32 Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) in collaboration with Asian Development Bank (ADB) Order from CERC or online Download for free from ADB.     In all parts of Asia, households devote considerable expenditures to private supplementary […]

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Shadow Education Bibliography

The CERC Shadow Education Special Interest Group has moved the shadow education bibliography to database format to better accomodate our more than 400 entries. Each entry has been coded for easier searching. Codes include countries, language, regions, chronology, themes, and document type. Be aware that this is a work in progress and one might find […]

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CERC Policy Forum

PolicyForum

Regulating the Shadow Education System: Private Tutoring and Government Policies in Asia A Policy Forum on “Regulating the Shadow Education System: Private Tutoring and Government Policies in Asia” was  held at the University of Hong Kong between the 8th and 9th April 2013. This Policy Forum was organized by the Comparative Education Research Centre at […]

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Shadow Education: Private Supplementary Tutoring and Its Implications for Policy Makers in Asia

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Mark Bray & Chad Lykins (2012): Shadow Education: Private Supplementary Tutoring and Its Implications for Policy Makers in Asia has just been published by the Asian Development Bank. In all parts of Asia, households devote considerable expenditures to private supplementary tutoring. This tutoring may contribute to students’ achievement, but it also maintains and exacerbates social inequalities, diverts […]

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