Shadow Education in the Middle East: Private Supplementary Tutoring and its Policy Implications

Mark Bray and Anas Hajar

ISBN: 978-1-032-32980-2(hbk)

ISBN: 978-1-032-32981-9(pbk)

ISBN: 978-1-003-31759-3(ebk)

DOI: 10.4324/9781003317593

First published in 2023 by:
Routledge, London and New York in collaboration with the Centre for International Research in Supplementary Tutoring (CIRIST), East China Normal University (ECNU), Shanghai, the UNESCO Chair in Comparative Education at the University of Hong Kong (HKU), and the UNESCO Regional Center for Educational Planning (RCEP) in United Arab Emirates.

This book is available for free download. A hard copy is only available from Routledge.


The book can be downloaded for free.

The Arabic version of this book can be downloaded from here.

For book reviews: click the following links for book reviews by

Abdu Al-Kadi, published in Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education;
Leonel Mauricio Álvarez Norales, published in Revista Española de Educación Comparada;
Thierry Chevaillier, published in Revue internationale d’éducation de Sèvres;
Abdel Latif Sellami, published in International Review of Education;
Valeria Rocha, published in British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies;
Mohieddine Rahmouni, published in Journal of Asian and African Studies;
Percy Lai Yin Kwok, published in Journal of International and Comparative Education;
Steve R. Entrich, published in Comparative Education;
Janaan O. Farhat, published in Gulf Education and Social Policy Review;
Melanie van den Hoven, published in International Journal for Research on Extended Education;
Md Tariqul Islam, published in Journal of International Cooperation in Education;