Shadow Education in Africa: Private Supplementary Tutoring and its Policy Implications

Mark Bray

ISBN: 978-988-14241-9-8

Published in 2021 by:
Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) in collaboration with the Centre for International Research in Supplementary Tutoring (CIRIST), East China Normal University (ECNU), Shanghai, China.

HK$100/US$16 including postage


The book can be downloaded for free.

The French version of this book can also be downloaded here.

The Arabic version of this book can be downloaded from here

The Portuguese version of this book can also be downloaded here.

For book reviews: click the following links for book reviews by

Madison Collins, published in Current Issues in Comparative Education (CICE);

Jean-Marie De Ketele, published in Revue internationale d’éducation de Sèvres (RIES);

Fernando Vizotto Galvão, published in Cadernos de Pesquisa;

Samson C. R. Kajawo, published in Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education;

Bandera Lihoma, published in Journal of International and Comparative Education(JICE);

Liu Ying & Daryl John, published in Journal of Southern African Studies (JSAS);

Adrián Neubauer, published in Revista Española de Educación Comparada(REEC);

Adrian Yan, published in Global Comparative Education: Journal of the WCCES;

Abdeljalil Akkari, published in Hungarian Educational Research Journal (HERJ);

Sebastian Ille, published in International Review of Education (IRE);

Nozomi Sakata, published in Journal of International Cooperation in Education;

Mohieddine Rahmouni, published in Journal of Asian and African Studies;

Gerard Guthrie, published in Journal of Education;

Rui da Silva, published in African Studies;