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Supplementary Education: Identifying and Crossing Boundaries

On 9 and 10 December 2017, CERC hosted a remarkable Policy Forum entitled ‘Public-Private Partnerships in Supplementary Education: Sharing Experiences in East Asian Contexts’. The event was co-hosted with UNESCO, and attracted 53 participants from governments, companies, schools, and research institutions from Hong Kong, Japan, Mainland China, and the Republic of Korea.

Group pictureThe starting point was recognition that boundaries in education are less firm than before. Traditionally, formal schooling has been responsibility and domain of the public sector, but recent decades have brought a flourishing private sector in supplementary education. Most obvious is the academic form, provided by small, medium-sized and large companies.

“This was a unique gathering”, remarked ART_5297Mark Bray, the HKU’s UNESCO Chair Professor in Comparative Education. “It is breaking new conceptual ground”, he added, “not only in the four jurisdictions but also globally.” The University, he pointed out, provides a neutral arena in which stakeholders can dialogue on sensitive topics to identify ways forward in service of the common good.

The event brought together directors from both large and small companies, officers in Ministries of Education, and Associations of Supplementary Education Providers.

ART_5242The organizers did not seek consensus on a single mode of operation for every jurisdiction. Rather, they placed in the arena sets of experiences for participants to discuss and learn from each other. They noted that the burden of governments worried about regulation can be alleviated when the supplementary education providers engage in self-regulation. Participants heard various examples, highlighting ways in which all stakeholders can follow their own mandates yet productively serve the common good.

The next steps will include dissemination of key points. Ms Huong Le Thu indicated that UNESCO will play a role, using its global platform to disseminate the findings from East Asia to the wider community.

Book Launch: Researching Higher Education in Asia

By Jisun Jung, Hugo Horta & Akiyoshi Yonezawa

Chair: Mark Bray

4 December 2017 Monday
11:00 am – 12:30pm
Room 204 Runme Shaw Building

This book traces the evolution of research in the field of higher education in several Asian countries, and shares ideas about the evolving higher education research communities.

It identifies common and dissimilar challenges across national communities, providing insights into the relevance of a greater regional articulation of national higher education research communities, and their further integration into and contribution to the international higher education research community as a whole.

Jisun Jung is an assistant professor at HKU’s Faculty of Education. Her current research focuses on academic professions, doctoral education, employment and postgraduate studies, and higher education research in Asia.

Hugo Horta is an assistant professor at HKU’s Faculty of Education. He formerly served as the deputy-director at the Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research (IN+), based at the University of Lisbon, Portugal. He is a Coordinating-Editor of Higher Education (Springer).

Akiyoshi Yonezawa is a professor and director of the Office of Institutional Research, Tohoku University. He is a board member at the Japan Association for Higher Education Research. He is a co-editor of Springer’s Book Series Higher Education in Asia: Quality, Excellence and Governance.

Call for Papers: CESHK Autumn Forum 2017, co-organized with CERC

Comparative Education in the 21st Century

Date: Saturday 25th November 2017 (All day)

Venue: The University of Hong Kong

Registration is free-of-charge for current members. New members are welcome to join CESHK before the Forum at:


The Forum is a one day event and light refreshments will be served. You can either bring or buy your own lunch from the number of restaurants and other eating facilities on the HKU campus.

The deadline for submissions is: 1st October 2017.

Please use the following link for submission:

For further information, please email:

Please click here for the PDF version of the Call for Papers.

BOOK LAUNCH AND TALK: Comparative and International Education: Issues for Teachers (2nd edition)

Speakers: Ruth Hayhoe and Li Jun

Chair: Mark Bray

Friday 21 April, 11:45am-12:45 pm.

Room 403 Runme Shaw Building

The first edition of this book, published in Canada, was developed a decade ago to help teachers in multicultural schools to understand the nature and value of comparative and international education. This second edition, published in 2017, builds on the strengths of the first edition. Among the revised chapters is one co-authored by Ruth Hayhoe and Li Jun entitled ‘Philosophy and Comparative Education: What can we learn from East Asia’.

Ruth Hayhoe is one of the co-editors of the book. She is a professor at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. Her professional engagements in Asia have spanned 35 years, including foreign expert at Fudan University in Shanghai in the early 1980s, First Secretary for Education, Science and Culture at the Canadian Embassy in Beijing, 1989-1991, and Director of the Hong Kong Institute of Education, 1997-2002. Several of her books, including her autobiography, Full Circle: A Life with Hong Kong and China, have been published by CERC.

Li Jun is a CERC member in the PASSE Division of the Faculty of Education. He was originally trained as a historian of Chinese education and later as a policy analyst of international education and development, each with a PhD. With Ruth Hayhoe and also Lin Jing and Zha Qiang he co-authored the CERC book Portraits of 21st Century Chinese Universities: In the Move to Mass Higher Education.

Click here for the poster.

CIES Presidential Address

In March 2016, Mark Bray was elected to the Presidency of the US-based Comparative and International Education Society (CIES). This is the oldest and largest society in the field, established in 1956 and having over 3,000 members.

At the 61st annual conference, 6-9 March 2017 in Atlanta, USA, Mark Bray concluded his work with a CIES%202017%20Pres%20Address.1Presidential Address. It was entitled ‘Schooling and its Supplements: Changing Global Patterns and Implications for Comparative Education’. It drew on his extensive work on the so-called shadow education system of supplementary private tutoring. The lecture may be viewed here, and will in due course be published in the Society’s flagship journal Comparative Education Review.

CERC%20table.CIESMark Bray retains a CIES leadership role within the CIES as immediate Past-President on the Board of Directors.

CERC Movie Afternoon: Tales From the Jungle: Margaret Mead

19 Dec (Mon), 2016

1:45 pm (doors open 1:30 pm)

203 Runme Shaw Building

Margaret Mead’s work has been revered in the field of Anthropology. When her work came under scrutiny, ethical challenges that all researchers may contend with came to the fore.

This BBC documentary is a crucial stimulant for discussions among young and seasoned researchers who may encounter issues of fabrication, falsification, subjectivity, language and tone of research report. Mead’s fame put the spotlight on credibility and integrity in sampling, data collection and generalization of research findings.

Join us to gain insight from this documentary and discussion with peers.

——Free Entry, ALL are Welcome——


CERC Movie Afternoon

17 November 2016 Thursday

1.45 pm

Room 403 Meng Wah Complex

This 2010 controversial movie, directed by Carol Black, portrays the invasion of “Western” education in a village in Ladakh, India and discusses the far-reaching implications of such invasions on indigenous societies and the planet as a whole. Join us to gain insights not only from the movie but also from yourself and peers, on this crucial issue which has been of special concern in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, 2015 (SDG4).

Click here for details.

The UN Sustainable Development Goals: A Round Table on the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report

Chair: Mark Bray

Participants: Cheng Kai-Ming, Liz Jackson, Wesley Teter – and all others who can join the event around the Round Table.

In September 2015 the global community convened at the United Nations Headquarters to set 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a target date of 2030. The fourth goal focuses on education.

UNESCO is the lead agency for monitoring the implementation of SDG4. Its recently-published Global Education Monitoring Report is entitled Education for People and Planet: Creating Sustainable Futures for All. Participants in the Round Table will share perspectives on the report and related challenges.


Date: Friday 28 October 2016
Time: 12.30-2.00 pm
Venue: Hui Oi Chow Building G01

The report can be downloaded from

All are welcome!

Round table GEM

CERC Presents Movie Afternoons

The first is scheduled for the coming Thursday 13 October, at 1.45 pm in Room 202 of Runme Shaw Building. We will show part of the movie: Preschool in Three Cultures Revisited: China, Japan, and the United States.

The comparative work of Joseph Tobin and colleagues is renowned for both its methods and its insights. Preschool classrooms in Japan, China and the US were videotaped and then commented upon not only by teachers from those cultures but also by teachers in other cultures. The study was first conducted in the 1980s and then repeated in the 2000s, thereby delivering comparisons over time as well as place. Join us to gain insights not only from the researchers but also from yourself and peers as you watch these video scenes.



March 6-10, 2016 in Vancouver – the 60th Annual Conference of CIES!

March 6-10, 2016

Vancouver, BC| Sheraton Vancouver Wall Centre


Six Decades of Comparative and International

Education: Taking Stock and Looking Forward”


Call for Proposals

Early bird submission deadline: September 15th, 2015

Final submission deadline:  October 15th, 2015

* Please note that the final submission deadline will NOT be extended beyond this date. No exceptions will be made.*

The Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) is pleased to announce its 60th Annual Conference, which will be held at the Sheraton Wall Centre Vancouver Hotel, in Vancouver, Canada from March 6-10, 2016.

Six Decades of Comparative and International Education: Taking Stock and Looking Forward

The CIES was founded in 1956, and is the world’s oldest society in the field of comparative and international education. The 1950s were an era of post-war economic growth, decolonization, and Cold War geopolitics – an age of typewriters rather than computers, in which international travel was possible only for the privileged few. The 60th annual conference will consider how the Society and the field have evolved during the decades, and where they are (and/or should be) going.

The field of comparative and international education is wide, and has different emphases in different parts of the world and in different periods of history. Conference participants are invited to address the theme from perspectives of their particular specializations, theoretical and practical standpoints, geographic locations, and academic and professional identities. Much has changed since 1956 and intervening points. What does it mean for the goals, spirit and tools of our work? What would we like to see in the future, and how will we achieve it?

Proposal Dates and Submission Categories

With the above in mind, the CIES 2016 Planning Committee invites you to submit proposals in the following categories:

  • Individual papers
  • Individual posters
  • Group poster sessions
  • Group panel sessions
  • Workshops

All proposals should contribute to the advancement of theory, practice, methodology and/or fieldwork in comparative and international education. Please be sure to review and align your proposal with the assessment criteria below.

The early bird deadline is September 15th, 2015. The final deadline for all submitted proposals is October 15, 2015. Proposals should be electronically submitted through the CIES online submission system, and comply with the requirements detailed in the guidelines below. Proposals that do not comply with these requirements will not be considered for inclusion in the program.

*Note: At this time, CIES is in the process of searching for a potentially new online submission system. Further details concerning where and how to submit proposals will be provided as soon as they are available.

CIES membership is required to present at the Conference. If you are not currently a member of CIES please take a few minutes and become a member by registering at the CIES webpage:


Proposals for an individual presentation or poster should be 500-750 words in length and should include the following information even if the results, findings and/or conclusions are still preliminary at the time of submission:

  1. Objectives or purposes.
  2. Main perspective or theoretical/conceptual framework used.
  3. Analytical methods, research design, or modes of inquiry.
  4. Data sources or evidence.
  5. Results and/or conclusions.
  6. Significance of the study to the field of comparative and international education.

When you submit your individual proposal you will be asked to indicate your preferred format (poster/presentation); the Conference Committee will make every effort to honor your first preference but due to the quantity of submitted proposals, you may be assigned your second choice.

While a paper session offers the opportunity to present your paper alongside 3-4 co-presenters, poster sessions can be a highly effective way to present a larger research project and allow you to interact with a larger number of researchers in an informal and dynamic fashion.

Individuals may only submit ONE proposal (as presenter – Full details of this strictly enforced policy are below) for the conference*, including to any of the following sessions:

  1. A session in the general conference program; or
  2. A session organized by a CIES Special Committee (Gender and Education, New Scholars, or Under-represented Racial, Ethnic and Ability Groups); or
  3. A session organized by a CIES Special Interest Group (SIG).

* Please note one exception: Individuals submitting a proposal to the New Scholars Dissertation Mentoring or Publications Workshop may also submit a proposal to the general pool, to another Standing Committee or a SIG. See also “Participation Limits” below for further details.

To find out more about Special Committees, or any of the 19 topic-based or 6 regional SIGS, please visit the CIES website at (see sections on Special Committees and Special Interest Groups).


Proposals for group panel OR poster presentations should include the following information:

  1. A 500-750 word summary of the overall panel or poster session proposal, with the following information:
    • Title of the panel OR poster session.
    • Objectives and main questions to be addressed in the panel or poster session.
    • Main perspectives and/or theoretical/conceptual frameworks
    • Importance of the panel/poster session to comparative/international education or the conference theme
    • Description of how the session will be structured
  1. A 200-250 word description of each individual presentation OR poster, which includes the following information:
    • Objectives or purposes of the paper/poster
    • Perspective or theoretical/conceptual framework
    • Analytical methods, research design, or modes of inquiry
    • Data sources or evidence
    • Main results and/or conclusions
    • Significance of the presentation to the overall panel topic
  1. A list of the panel members including their institutional affiliations and contact information.


Each Workshop proposal should include the following information:

  1. A 750-word summary describing the objectives of the workshop, the target audience, instructional goals, and planned workshop activities.
  1. A list of the names and institutional affiliations of the instructional staff.
  1. A list of equipment or room set-up requirements.


a) CIES membership is required to present at the CIES 2016 Conference. If you are not currently a member of CIES, please take a few minutes and become a member by registering on the CIES webpage:

b) Participant attendance requirement. All authors of accepted papers and all participants in panel sessions are expected to attend the CIES conference and be present at the scheduled session. If an emergency or other circumstance prevents an author from attending the CIES Meeting, s/he should immediately notify the CIES 2016 Planning Committee (

c) Participation limits. To allow as many conference attendees to present as possible, we will be enforcing the following participation policy:

  • Individuals may submit only one proposal for an individual, poster or panel presentation.
  • An individual may appear as a presenter only once in the final program, with the exception of special invited sessions, presentations, or for New Scholars Committee Dissertation Mentorship Workshop or Publication Workshop participants. Another exception can be made for those who are listed as non-presenter in multi-authored papers or as another invited role, such as: discussant, non-presenting session chair or participant in special events.
  • To avoid duplication of presentation content, individuals with multiple roles may not present the same material in different sessions. However, this rule does not apply to New Scholars Committee Dissertation or Publication workshops.
  •  Final decisions on the limits to individual participation in the annual meeting will be made at the discretion of the program committee.

d) Standard presentation equipment (LCD and overhead projectors and PowerPoint-equipped PCs) will be available for all sessions. Presentation slides and electronic materials must be formatted to be compatible with PC / Microsoft Windows. Presentations must be saved to your own personal “memory stick” and be ready to upload prior to your presentation.

e) Proposal review and selection process. All submitted proposals will undergo peer review by experienced scholars and advanced doctoral students in the field of comparative and international education. Acceptance notifications will be sent by October 15, 2015 for submissions received before the early bird deadline and November 15, 2015 for all other submissions.

For more information, visit CIES 2016 homepage!

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