Return to the CERC Monograph Series.
Mark Bray and Chad Lykins
ISBN 978-92-9092-658-0 (Print)
ISBN 978-92-9092-659-7 (PDF)
US$32 Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) in collaboration with Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Such tutoring is widely called shadow education, because it mimics school systems. As the curriculum in the school system changes, so does the shadow.
This study documents the scale and nature of shadow education in different parts of the region. For many decades, shadow education has been a major phenomenon in East Asia. Now it has spread throughout the region, and it has far-reaching economic and social implications.
Review published in:
– Casting a Long Shadow on Asian Education
- ADB Study Highlights Dark Side of ‘Shadow Education Interview about this study:
- Asia spending billions on private tuition for kids [Radio Australia: 5 July 2012]Articles about this study:
- Tutoring Spreads Beyond Asia’s Wealthy [The New York Times: 5 August 2012]
- 亞洲父母砸大錢讓小孩補習 [星洲日報: 6 July 2012] [in Chinese]
- Tutors: a question of value [The Standard (Hong Kong): 5 July 2012]
- The dark side of Asian shadow education [BT Premium: 5 July 2012]
- Shadow education: Private tutoring is more commercial than schooling [The Express Tribune: 5 July 2012]
- Asia spending billions on tutors: study [Khaleej Times: 5 July 2012]
- Private tutorial system expanding at alarming rate in India: ADB [The Times of India: 5 July 2012]
- ADB study highlights dark side of private tutoring [Pakistan Observer: 5 July 2012]- Asia spending billions on tutors: study [Bangkok Post: 5 July 2012]
- Asia spending billions on tutors: study [ANC/CBN News (Philippines): 5 July 2012]
- Asia spending billions on tutors: study [Yahoo! Philippines: 5 July 2012]
- 報告：本港補習花近二十億 [香港新浪網: 5 July 2012] [in Chinese]
- 統計顯示亞洲家長為孩子補習每年開支百億美元以上 [鉅亨網新聞中心: 5 July 2012] [in Chinese]
- Asian parents spending billions of dollars on tutors: Study [The Times of India 4 July 2012]