This seminar will provide a short history of the education sector in Kenya, highlighting major events such as the introduction of Free Primary Education, post-election violence in 2008, the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis, and promulgation of the new constitution and Education Act in 2013. It will discuss ways in which Development Partners are working with the government, while also highlighting some tensions and challenges. The discussion will include focus on political and financial issues which are relevant to the wider EFA agenda in Africa and beyond.
Suguru Mizunoya has recently joined the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Programme of Global Political Economy), having previously worked for UNICEF and Chaired the Education Development Partner Group in Kenya. He has also worked in UNICEF’s regional office in Bangkok, and for the World Bank and ILO. His research includes financing and planning of education systems, impact evaluation, and cost-benefit analysis of education policies.
Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) in collaboration with the Southern African Comparative and History of Education Society (SACHES)
The book’s contributing authors raise questions about the false expectations of target-setters, the failures of international development aid processes to assist the achievement of the MDGs, the denial of local context and history in the target-setting processes, the arbitrary selection of targets, the choice of definitions that enable manipulation of data to show they have been achieved, and the inability of individual countries to sustain reforms initiated with development aid without aid.
Here is a rich set of reflections on development thought and practice at the start of the twentieth century, representing the cumulative wisdom and judgement of scholars who have made an indelible mark on educational thought. They present a formidable set of conceptual, practical and political challenges for consideration by the development world in its target-setting processes, especially in the field of education.
Linda Chisholm is a Director in the Education, Science and Skills Development research programme at the Human Sciences Research Council in Pretoria. Graeme Bloch is Education Specialist at the Development Bank of Southern Africa. Brahm Fleisch is a Professor of Education at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Table of Contents
Preface (Linda Chisholm)
Lessons from the past two decades: Investment choices for education and growth (Martin Carnoy)
Aid agency support for education: Gaps between intention and action (Christopher Colclough)
Why some Education for All and Millennium Development Goals will not be met: Difficulties with goals and targets (Keith Lewin)
Education, skills, sustainability and growth: Complex relations (Kenneth King)
The developmental state in Africa (Dani W. Nabudere)
Tuesday 2 July 2013
204 Runme Shaw Building, HKU Main Campus
Speakers: Kenneth King, Bjorn Nordtveit, and Pravina King
Chair: Trey Menefee
This seminar is the first dissemination seminar for all those interested in new field research on China’s latest higher education cooperation with Africa. The 20+20 Project partners 20 African and Chinese universities in a wide-ranging cooperation of joint research, staff and student exchange, and short- and long-term training. This new research builds on the Kings and Nordtveit’s earlier work on China’s soft power and aid to education in Africa. It will present case material from Chinese universities linked through the 20+20 scheme to African universities from the Cape to Cairo. Both presentations raise implications and challenges for the internationalization of Hong Kong’s universities.
Trey Menefee will chair the seminar, which consists of two presentations:
China’s Higher Education Cooperation with Southern and Eastern Africa (Kenneth and Pravina King)
China’s 20+20 University Partnership with Africa (Bjorn Nordtveit)
Kenneth and Pravina King, University of Edinburgh Kenneth and Pravina King were given the Distinguished Africanist Award by the African Studies Association of the UK in 2012.
Kenneth King is Professor Emeritus at University of Edinburgh, where he was Director of the Centre of African Studies (CAS) for 20 years. He was a Distinguished Visiting Professor in HKU during 2006-7. He is author of China’s Aid &Soft Power in Africa: The Case of Education & Training (James Currey, May 2013) and editor of NORRAG News. Pravina was administrator of CAS for 15 years.
Bjorn Nordtveit, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Bjorn Nordtveit has twelve years of experience with UNESCO and the World Bank as a specialist in education, after which he served at the University of Hong Kong from 2006 to 2011, and at the University of Massachusetts Amherst from 2011 to present. He will take up the editorial role of the Comparative Education Review (CER) from July 1, 2013.
King, K. 2006b China and Africa: towards a new paradigm in human resourcedevelopment? keynote paper at the Roundtable on Comparative Culture and Education in African and Asian Societies, on 26th May, HKU, Hong Kong; it was published in Chinese in Africa and Asia, the Journal of IWAAS, Institute of West Asian and African Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, in February 2007
King, K. 2006c China’s partnership discourse with Africa, Royal African Society (RAS) and South African Institute for International Affairs (SAIIA), China in Africa in the 21st Century: Preparing for the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, 16-17 October 2006, Johannesburg, published in special issue on Sino-African relations of International Politics Quarterly (Peking University, in Chinese).
King, K. 2007a, China’s aid to Africa: a view from China and Japan, lead paper to the JICA seminar on China’s Aid to Africa the Beijing Summit and its Follow-up, 29th January 2007, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Tokyo (being offered to the Journal for International Cooperation in Education (Hiroshima University).