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Higher Education in Macau: Growth and Strategic Development

cover_resizeBy Mark Bray with Roy Butler, Philip Hui, Ora Kwo & Emily Mang

May 2002, 127 pp.

ISBN 962-8093-60-6.

HK$150 (local), US$24 (overseas) [add $5 /copy for air mail]

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC)

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Higher education in Macau has expanded dramatically in recent years. Before 1981, Macau had no higher education institutions; but two decades later it had 12. This book chronicles the growth, and analyses the wider environment within which the institutions operate. Discussion includes focus on the implications of Macau’s small size; linkages with Hong Kong, mainland China and other parts of the world; the changing balances between public and private provision; and the significance of political transition.

Chapter 1: Context and Goals
Chapter 2: The Changing Nature of Macau’s Educational Provision
Chapter 3: Policy-Making and Coordination
Chapter 4: Costs and Financing
Chapter 5: Strategic for Quality Assurance
Chapter 6: Institutional Identities and Interlinkages
Chapter 7: Conclusions

Education in the Commonwealth: Towards and Beyond the Internationally Agreed Goals

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7747045744_db972d4f6b_bTrey Menefee
Mark Bray

2012, 245pp.

Published by the Commonwealth Secretariat,
Produced by the Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC)


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Every three years the Ministers of Education and senior officials of the 54 Commonwealth countries convene to share experiences and advance on common agendas.

The 18th Conference of Commonwealth Education Ministers (CCEM) was held in Mauritius from 28 to 31 August 2012. It focused on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Education for All (EFA) goals.

Mark Bray and Trey Menefee were contracted by the Commonwealth Secretariat to produce the lead statistical document containing country ‘report cards’, which they presented during the opening session of the Ministers’ meeting. In this seminar they will share observations both on their report, on the nature of the Ministers’ meeting, and on the wider agenda concerning new goals beyond 2015.

Changing Education: Leadership, Innovation and Development in a Globalzing Asia Pacific

Return to CERC Studies in Comparative Education.

cerc-20Edited by Peter D. Hershock, Mark Mason and John N. Hawkins

June 2007, 348 pp.

ISBN 10: 962-8093-54-1

ISBN 13: 978-962-8093-54-0

HK$200 (local), US$32 (overseas)

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) and Springer

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This book responds to the growing unease of educators and non-educators alike about the inadequacy of most current educational systems and programs to meet sufficiently the demands of fast changing societies. These systems and programs evolved and were developed in and for societies that have long been transformed, and yet no parallel transformation has taken place in the education systems they spawned. In the last twenty years or so, other sectors of society, such as transportation and communications systems, have radically changed the way they operate, but education has remained essentially the same. There is no doubt: education needs to change.

To those ready to accept this challenge, this book represents a welcome guide. Unlike most books on educational policy, this volume does not focus on improving existing educational systems but on changing them altogether. Its focus is not on doing things better, but on doing better things; not on doing things right, but on doing the right things to prepare students for a fast changing interdependent world.

Peter D. Hershock is an Educational Specialist and Coordinator of the Asian Studies Development Program at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawaii. He is trained in both Western and Asian philosophy, with a specialization in Buddhist philosophy. His research and writing focus both on historical dimensions of Buddhist thought and practice, and on their relevance to addressing such contemporary issues as technology and development, education, human rights, and the role of values in cultural and social change.

Mark Mason is Associate Professor in Philosophy and Educational Studies in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hong Kong, where he is also Director of the Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC). With research interests in philosophy, educational studies, comparative education and educational development, he is Regional Editor (Asia & The Pacific) of the International Journal of Educational Development, Editor of the CERC Studies in Comparative Education Series, and President of the Comparative Education Society of Hong Kong.

John N. Hawkins is a Professor in the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is Director of the Center for International and Development Education at UCLA, where he served for twelve years as Dean of International Studies. His research focuses on education and development, and specifically on higher education reform, in the Asian region. He is the author of 15 books and over 60 articles on educational development in Asia.

A review of this book was published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Education (Vol.30, No.3, 2010) pp.355-357.

Reducing the Burden on the Poor: Household Costs of Basic Education in Gansu, China

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Mark Bray, Ding Xiaohao, Huang Ping

2004, 117pp.

ISBN 10: 9628093320
ISBN 13: 9789628093328

HK$100 (local), US$16 (overseas)

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC)

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The Gansu Basic Education Project (GBEP) was launched in 1999 with the goal of helping one of the poorest parts of China to achieve universal basic education. The project aims particularly to assist minority children and girls, and has had a significant impact.

The reasons why children do not enrol in school, or drop out at an early stage, are many and complex. This study focuses on the costs of schooling to households. These costs can be a heavy burden, and may be a major obstacle to universalisation of basic education. The GBEP has aimed to reduce the costs to poor households in various ways. This study examines the arrangements for financing education at county and school levels. Among other project components, it focuses on the effectiveness of a targeted scholarship scheme for poor children, a reformed system of education budgeting, and a free-lunch programme.

Mark Bray is Dean of the Faculty of Education at the University of Hong Kong. Ding Xiaohao is Head of the Economics of Education Department in Peking University; and Huang Ping is Deputy Director of the Institute of Sociology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Education, Growth, Aid and Development: Towards Education For All

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Mono5Edited by: Linda Chisholm, Graeme Bloch, Brahm Fleisch

2008, 116pp.

More Information

ISBN 978-962-8093-99-1
HK$100 (local), US$16 (overseas)
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Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) in collaboration with the Southern African Comparative and History of Education Society (SACHES)

The book’s contributing authors raise questions about the false expectations of target-setters, the failures of international development aid processes to assist the achievement of the MDGs, the denial of local context and history in the target-setting processes, the arbitrary selection of targets, the choice of definitions that enable manipulation of data to show they have been achieved, and the inability of individual countries to sustain reforms initiated with development aid without aid.

Here is a rich set of reflections on development thought and practice at the start of the twentieth century, representing the cumulative wisdom and judgement of scholars who have made an indelible mark on educational thought. They present a formidable set of conceptual, practical and political challenges for consideration by the development world in its target-setting processes, especially in the field of education.

Linda Chisholm is a Director in the Education, Science and Skills Development research programme at the Human Sciences Research Council in Pretoria. Graeme Bloch is Education Specialist at the Development Bank of Southern Africa. Brahm Fleisch is a Professor of Education at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Table of Contents

  • Preface (Linda Chisholm)
  • Lessons from the past two decades: Investment choices for education and growth (Martin Carnoy)
  • Aid agency support for education: Gaps between intention and action (Christopher Colclough)
  • Why some Education for All and Millennium Development Goals will not be met: Difficulties with goals and targets (Keith Lewin)
  • Education, skills, sustainability and growth: Complex relations (Kenneth King)
  • The developmental state in Africa (Dani W. Nabudere)

China-Africa Research

China-Africa Educational Aid and Development Cooperation Papers by Kenneth King and Bjorn Nordtveit 


  • King, K. 2006b China and Africa: towards a new paradigm in human resource development? keynote paper at the Roundtable on Comparative Culture and Education in African and Asian Societies, on 26th May, HKU, Hong Kong; it was published in Chinese in Africa and Asia, the Journal of IWAAS, Institute of West Asian and African Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, in February 2007
  • King, K. 2006c China’s partnership discourse with Africa, Royal African Society (RAS) and South African Institute for International Affairs (SAIIA), China in Africa in the 21st Century: Preparing for the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, 16-17 October 2006, Johannesburg, published in special issue on Sino-African relations of International Politics Quarterly (Peking University, in Chinese).
  • King, K. 2007a, China’s aid to Africa: a view from China and Japan, lead paper to the JICA seminar on China’s Aid to Africa the Beijing Summit and its Follow-up, 29th January 2007, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Tokyo (being offered to the Journal for International Cooperation in Education (Hiroshima University).
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