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higher education

Lithuanian higher education in the 21st century: Post-Soviet remnants, European integration, and new challenges and opportunities

In the past 28 years since regaining independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania has transformed its society and the higher education system. Since joining the European Union in 2004, Lithuanian higher education has aligned its policies and practices with the EU. This integration created many opportunities as well as some challenges.  In this presentation, we will examine how the system of higher education in Lithuania has developed from the Soviet to current times and how the integration into the European Union higher education community has created new possibilities for Lithuanian scholars.

In this presentation, the speakers will discuss the effects of both the past and current developments and will share the contemporary needs of the Lithuanian higher education community. The topics to be explored include:

  • Institutional autonomy of the academic community and the interaction with state needs;
  • Development of research, science, and innovation in Lithuania;
  • Challenges in human resources
  • Student preparation for higher education studies;
  • Support for under-privileged social groups

The current research project, “Researching Specialist Training to Provide Holistic Help to People with Disabilities in the Health Care System while Improving Researcher Competencies” will be used as a telling case to ground the discussions of the history, developments, and needs in Lithuanian higher education.

Chair: Dr. Susan Bridges. Discussants: Dr. Liz Jackson, Dr. Anatoly Oleksiyenko.



Prof. Audra Skukauskaitė is a senior researcher at Klaipeda University, Lithuania, as well as an independent researcher and research consultant for the Lemelson-MIT program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the USA. Dr. Skukauskaitė resides in the US and serves as an adjunct professor of qualitative research methodologies in the College of Integrated Medicine and Health Sciences and the College of Social Sciences at Saybrook University in California, USA. Dr. Skukauskaitė has conducted seminars on varied qualitative research methodologies in Lithuania, Finland, Sweden, Australia and the US and has taught writing for academic publication in English for international scholars.  Dr. Skukauskaitė has published numerous research articles and book chapters focusing on ethnography, research epistemology and transparency, transcribing and interviewing, as well as on the teaching and learning of research. Dr. Skukauskaitė serves on editorial boards of four journals and has an extensive experience of reviewing and supporting the writing of manuscripts for academic publications. Over the past 15 years, Dr. Skukauskaitė has served in multiple leadership positions in the American Educational Research Association. Currently, she serves as chair of the Qualitative Research section of the Measurement and Research Methodology Division (D) as well as chair of the John. J. Gumperz Lifetime Achievement Award committee of the Language and Social Processes SIG at AERA.

As a researcher, research consultant, and professor of research methodologies and qualitative research, over her career, Dr. Skukauskaitė has worked with diverse scholars and students across disciplines to develop, conduct, and support research studies in complex educational and transdisciplinary environments. Her recent work has explored invention education and ways of utilizing ethnographic and discourse-based research epistemologies to examine complex processes of constructing and publishing research in science and engineering education. Dr. Skukauskaitė’s overarching interests focus on ways of utilizing research-based ways of thinking and knowing to develop deeper understandings and trustworthy representations of the complex processes and practices of learning, teaching, and living in dynamic academic, socio-historical, economic, and cultural environments.

Prof. Ingrida Baranauskienė is a professor of Education and head researcher at the Faculty of Health Sciences of Klaipėda University (Lithuania). For over ten years, the professor has been the dean of the Faculty of Social Welfare and Disability Studies of Šiauliai University. The field of her scientific interests: preconditions for success in social participation of people with disabilities. I. Baranauskienė is a co-author of two monographs on the participation of people with disabilities in the labour market, an initiator of five scientific studies presenting research on social exclusion. She is an author of many scientific articles on disability research. To make an impact on active practice of Lithuania and other European countries, the professor takes an active part in international projects, initiates and implements them. I. Baranauskienė was awarded the title of the honorary doctor of the university “Ukraine” for her practical activities and support to the Ukrainian system of higher education. The professor has been elected as an expert in the area of Education Science in Latvian Academy of Sciences for a maximum term of three years. I. Baranauskienė is the editor-in-chief of the journal “Social Welfare: Interdisciplinary Approach”, member of editorial boards of several other scientific journals. Currently, in cooperation with other scientists, I. Baranauskienė is investigating the accessibility of the health care system to Lithuanian people with disabilities through participation in the high-level scientific research project “Researching Specialist Training to Provide Holistic Help to People with Disabilities in the Health Care System while Improving Researcher Competencies”. Judith Green, professor emerita of the University of California in Santa Barbara, is the leader of this project. The project is funded by the Research Council of Lithuania jointly with the European Union.

Prof. Liudmila Rupšienė is a professor and senior researcher at Klaipeda University. The main scientific interest – research methodology. Author of a number of books with three of them focusing on research methodology: Methodology of Qualitative Research Data Collection (2007), Methodology of Qualitative Research (2008), Educational Experiment (2016). Published more than 100 scientific articles, made around 100 presentations in scientific conferences in Lithuania and abroad (Latvia, Poland, Spain, Denmark, Russia, USA and many other countries). Member or leader of international and national projects (ERASMUS+ and others), Lithuanian principal investigator in European scientific project ESPAD. Scientific supervisor of doctoral students, supervised for 7 defended doctoral dissertations, chairwoman, member or opponent of around 60 doctoral dissertation defense boards, member of habilitation procedure board, member of the committee for the joint education doctorate of four Lithuanian universities consortium (since 2011). Expert of the State Studies Foundation, Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education, the president of Lithuanian Educational Research Association, council member of European Educational Research Association. Member of editorial boards of two Lithuanian academic journals.


Date: Tuesday, 13 November 2018.
Time: 12:45 – 14:00.
Venue: Room 203, Runme Shaw Building.
All are welcome!

Innovation in Tertiary Institutions in New Zealand: The conditions for the future collaborations for Chinese/Hong Kong and New Zealand institutions

Innovation in Tertiary Institutions in New Zealand: The conditions for the future collaborations for Chinese/Hong Kong and New Zealand institutions

by Dr. Richard Heraud, Tutor, Faculty of Education, University of Waikato, New Zealand.
Chair: Dr. Liz Jackson.


In the seminar, Dr Heraud will problematize how the concept of innovation is understood in tertiary institutions in New Zealand, with the intention of characterizing the collaborative conditions under which Chinese/Hong Kong and New Zealand institutions might collaborate more in the future, and how to best understand shared academic and commercial opportunities and benefits that should flow from such relations. The nexus of the discussion will focus on the difference between Technological Innovation and Technological Change, and how these concepts occupy our thinking in diverse ways regarding how innovation and change are realized in tertiary institutions.


About the speaker
Dr. Richard Heraud’s research interests concern participation in the innovation process, open innovation, networked and collaborative relations in R&D, in particular involving relations between researchers and technologists in New Zealand and China. He is co-editor of E-Learning and Digital Media, managing editor of the Open Review of Educational Research, co-editor of the Encyclopedia of Educational Innovation, co-editor of Organization and Newness: Discourses and Ecologies of Innovation in the Creative University.


Date: Tuesday, 23 October 2018.
Time: 18:00 – 19:15.
Venue: Room 402, Runme Shaw Building.

International Status Anxiety and Higher Education – The Soviet Legacy in China and Russia

International Status Anxiety and Higher Education – The Soviet Legacy in China and Russia

by Dr. Anatoly Oleksiyenko, Associate Professor of higher education, Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong and Dr. Wenqin Shen, Associate Professor of higher education, Graduate School of Education, Peking University.
Chair: Dr. Liz Jackson.


CERC invites you to the book launch at which you will meet the scholars investigating global tensions between the movement to advance progressive university policies and practices and the countervailing forces for restoring old-style hyper-centralization and indoctrination. The cases of higher education systems in China and Russia provide intriguing insights into the anxiety generated by these tensions.
Book Launch special price: HK$200 (HK$250 market price).


About the speakers
Anatoly V. Oleksiyenko’s research focuses on governance transformations in global higher education. Over the last decade, he has conducted studies on international competition and the collaboration strategies of research universities in Cambodia, Canada, China, Hong Kong, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Ukraine, and the United States.


Wenqin Shen researches training system and doctoral education in China and around the world, the history of higher education (history of the idea of liberal education and history of the field of higher education research), student mobility, and the internationalization of higher education.


Date: Monday, 15 October 2018.
Time: 12:45 – 14:00.
Venue: Room 203, Runme Shaw Building.
All are welcome!

The Dragon & the Tiger Cubs: China-ASEAN Relations in Higher Education

Anthony Welch

Chair: Yang Rui

Tuesday 18 February 2014
204 Runme Shaw Building, Main Campus


Although higher education scholarship is still very Western-centric, we come to know the world of Chinese higher education better through the work of HKU scholars. The diverse world of ASEAN higher education is less well-known. But as China projects itself more internationally, growing links are evident between China and ASEAN in higher education. Such cultural and trading connections can be traced back to at least the Ming dynasty voyages of Zheng He (1420s), and even earlier to the Southern Song and Yuan period (1120s to late 1360s).

China and the countries of SE Asia are now much more intertwined economically and culturally (including the presence of a significant Chinese diaspora in a number of ASEAN member countries). Both China and ASEAN member states are keen to become innovative knowledge economies, and develop world class universities. What opportunities do this offer to each side, and what are the challenges? The seminar presents an analytic framework to consider these questions, and to illustrate with related data.

Anthony Welch is Professor of Education, University of Sydney. A policy specialist, with extensive publications in numerous languages. He has consulted to several state, national, and international governments and agencies, as well as US institutions and foundations, particularly on higher education reforms. Substantial project experience includes East and SE Asia. A Fulbright New Century Scholar on higher education (2007-08), he has also been Visiting Professor in the USA, UK, Germany, France, Japan, and Hong Kong.  Professor Welch also directs the national research project, The Chinese Knowledge Diaspora, and was recently part of the team conducting Myanmar’s first Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR), the first since 1992.

Higher Education in Macau: Growth and Strategic Development

cover_resizeBy Mark Bray with Roy Butler, Philip Hui, Ora Kwo & Emily Mang

May 2002, 127 pp.

ISBN 962-8093-60-6.

HK$150 (local), US$24 (overseas) [add $5 /copy for air mail]

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC)

Order from CERC or online

Preview in Google Books



Higher education in Macau has expanded dramatically in recent years. Before 1981, Macau had no higher education institutions; but two decades later it had 12. This book chronicles the growth, and analyses the wider environment within which the institutions operate. Discussion includes focus on the implications of Macau’s small size; linkages with Hong Kong, mainland China and other parts of the world; the changing balances between public and private provision; and the significance of political transition.

Chapter 1: Context and Goals
Chapter 2: The Changing Nature of Macau’s Educational Provision
Chapter 3: Policy-Making and Coordination
Chapter 4: Costs and Financing
Chapter 5: Strategic for Quality Assurance
Chapter 6: Institutional Identities and Interlinkages
Chapter 7: Conclusions

China’s Universities 1895-1995: A Century of Cultural Conflict

Return to Other CERC Books.

hayhoeRuth Hayhoe

1999, 322pp

ISBN 962-8093-81-9
ISBN 978-962-8093-81-6

Published by the Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC)

HK$200 (local), US$32 (overseas)

Order from CERC [out of stock] or online

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Given the 1996 Choice Outstanding Academic Book of the Year award, this volume has already received critical acclaim. As one reviewer noted:

Ruth Hayhoe is a treasure: everyone interested in modern China, comparative education, or the sociology of knowledge needs to follow her publications [Charles W. Hayford, East/West Education].

This book contains an admirable blend of detail and broad interpretation based on comparative interpretations of many kinds. It is exemplary in its scholarly presentation, and will long stand as a cornerstone work in the field.

Ruth Hayhoe is a noted specialist in comparative education who has long experience of education in China. She is Director of the Hong Kong Institute of Education, and is an Associate Member of the Comparative Education Research Centre of the University of Hong Kong. In 1997 she was elected Vice-President of the Comparative & International Education Society, and became President in 1999.


Foreword by Mark Bray
Introduction: A Story, Not a History

1. Concepts and Frameworks for Telling the Story
2. The Nationalist Story, 1911-1949
3. The Socialist Story, 1949-1978
4. The Story of the Reform Decade, 1978-1990
5. Perspectives from the Central South Region
6. Perspectives from the Northwest Region
7. Mass Higher Education and the Chinese University

Selected Bibliography

Internationalizing Higher Education: Critical Explorations of Pedagogy and Policy

Return to CERC Studies in Comparative Education.

cerc-16Edited by  Peter Ninnes & Meeri Hellsten

2005, 231 pp.

ISBN 10: 962-8093-37-1
ISBN 13: 978-962-8093-37-3

HK$200 (local), US$32 (overseas)

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) and Springer

Order from CERCSpringer, or online.

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Globalization is a multifaceted phenomenon, and one of its major components is the internationalization of education. The increasing pace and complexity of global knowledge flows, and the accelerating exchange of educational ideas, practices and policies, are important drivers of globalization. Higher education is a key site for these flows and exchanges. This book casts a critical eye on the internationalization of higher education. It peels back taken-for-granted practices and beliefs, explores the gaps and silences in current pedagogy and practices, and addresses the ambiguities, tensions and contradictions in internationalization. In this volume, scholars from a range of disciplines and regions critically examine the commodification of higher education, teaching and support for international students, international partnerships for aid and trade, and the impacts on academics’ work.

Peter Ninnes is Coordinator of the Centre for Research on Education in Context at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia. His research interests include comparative and international education, the cultural politics of education, and education in post-conflict societies. He is currently President of the Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society.

Meeri Hellsten is a lecturer in education at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Her research interests are cross-cultural and comparative education, socio-cultural and identity issues in education, e-learning pedagogies, and effective teaching and learning in higher education. She convenes and teaches on a large undergraduate unit in educational psychology.

Crossing Borders in East Asian Higher Education

Return to CERC Studies in Comparative Education.

cerc-27Edited by David W. Chapman, William K. Cummings & Gerard A. Postiglione

March 2010

ISBN 978-962-8093-98-4

HK$250 (local), US$38 (overseas)

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) and Springer

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Flyer for the bookTable of Contents


This book received  1st place in the 2nd Annual Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) Higher Education SIG (HE-SIG) Best in Books for the academic year 2009-2010!

This book examines issues that have emerged as higher education systems and individual institutions across East Asia confront and adapt to the changing economic, social, and educational environments in which they now operate. The book’s focus is on how higher education systems learn from each other and on the ways in which they collaborate to address new challenges. The sub-theme that runs through this volume concerns the changing nature of cross-border sharing. In particular, the provision of technical assistance by more industrialized countries to lower and middle income countries has given way to collaborations that place the latter’s participating institutions on a more equal footing. At the same time, there is a greater number of partnerships that link higher education systems in the East Asian region to one another. Even as boundaries become more porous and permeable, there is growing acceptance of the view that cross border collaboration, if done well, can offer mutually beneficial advantages on multiple levels. There is a new recognition that the intensified international sharing of ideas, strategies of learning, and students is not only of enormous value to systems and institutions but essential to their long term survival. To this end, the chapters in this volume examine various motivations, goals, mechanisms, outcomes and challenges associated with cross-border collaboration in higher education.

David W. Chapman is the Birkmaier Professor of Educational Leadership in the Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and Development in the College of Education and Human Development at the University of Minnesota. He has worked in more than 45 developing countries, assisting national governments and international organizations in the areas of educational policy and planning, program design and evaluation. The author of over 125 journal articles and book chapters, he was awarded a Fulbright New Century Scholars grant for the 2007-08 academic year.

William K. Cummings is Professor of International Education and International Affairs at George Washington University. He has been involved in development work for over 25 years, focusing on evaluation and monitoring, policy analysis, sector assessment, management analysis, and teacher training. He has written extensively on the challenges of development and on models of successful development strategies, and has written or edited over 100 articles and 20 books or monographs. He is a past president of the Comparative and International Education Society.

Gerard A. Postiglione is Professor and Head, Division of Policy, Administration and Social Sciences Education, and Director of the Wah Ching Centre of Research on Education in China, Faculty of Education, the University of Hong Kong. He has published 10 books and over 100 journal articles and book chapters. He worked on higher education projects for the Asian Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme, World Bank, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, the Ford Foundation, and the International Institute for International Education.

Portraits of 21st Century Chinese Universities: In the Move to Mass Higher Education

Return to CERC Studies in Comparative Education.

cerc-30Ruth Hayhoe, Jun Li, Jing Lin, Qiang Zha

April 2011; 483 pages

ISBN 978-988-1785-23-7

HK$300 (local), US$45 (overseas)

Published by Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) and Springer

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This book received the 2nd place in the 3rd Annual Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) Higher Education Special Interest Group (HE-SIG) Best in Books for the academic year 2011-2012!

This book examines the ways in which China's universities have changed in the dramatic move to a mass stage which has unfolded since the late 1990s. Twelve universities in different regions of the country are portrayed through the eyes of their students, faculty and leaders.

The book begins with the national level policy process around the move to mass higher education. This is followed by an analysis of the views of 2,300 students on the 12 campuses about how the changes have affected their learning experiences and civil society involvement. The 12 portraits in the next section are of three comprehensive universities, three education-related universities, three science and technology universities, and three newly emerging private universities. The final chapter sketches the contours of an emerging Chinese model of the university, and explores its connections to China's longstanding scholarly traditions.

Ruth Hayhoe is a professor at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto. Jun Li is an assistant professor in international education policy at the Hong Kong Institute of Education. Jing Lin is a professor of international education policy at University of Maryland, College Park. Qiang Zha is an assistant professor at York University.

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